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BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 120) years

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 120) years

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The universe (if it were stable all this time – and we have no reason to believe it is – and infinite in the spatial dimension – and it could very well be) is old enough to have a 50% chance that the light of an object completely identical to our Universe. This is the consequence of an intuition already had by Friedrich Nietzsche: nothing is unique, everything has an unlimited number of copies, whatever has a probability of more than zero to happen must happen infinite times.

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 30) years

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 30) years

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The universe (if it were stable all this time – and we have no reason to believe it is – and infinite in the spatial dimension – and it could very well be) is old enough to have a 50% chance that the light of an object completely identical to our Earth. This is the consequence of an intuition already had by Friedrich Nietzsche: nothing is unique, everything has an unlimited number of copies, whatever has a probability of more than zero to happen must happen infinite times.

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 28) years

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 28) years

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The universe (if it were stable all this time – and we have no reason to believe it is – and infinite in the spatial dimension – and it could very well be) is old enough to have a 50% chance that the light of a living being very similar to us. This is the consequence of an intuition already had by Friedrich Nietzsche: nothing is unique, everyone has an unlimited number of copies, whatever has a probability higher than zero to happen must happen infinite times.

BB +> 0.533 * 10 ^ 14780 years

BB +> 0.533 * 10 ^ 14780 years

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o 4096 ^ 4096 ns: time taken by a 1GHz Turing machine (doing 1 instruction every 1ns) with 6 states, to write all the “1s” it can write, according to the Busy Beaver Problem. Busy Beaver problem: given a Turing machine that stops, how many “1’s” can it write before it stops? If the Turing machine in question has n states, this number is denoted S (n) and grows faster than any computable function f (n). If the Turing machine has 4 states, it writes 13 ones, if it has 5 states it writes at least 4098 ones (Buntrock-Marxen beaver, 1989), if it has 6 states it writes a huge number of ones, not yet calculated but surely> 4096 ^ 4096 (MW Green theorem, 1964).

BigBang + 10 ^ 116 years

BigBang + 10 ^ 116 years

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The e + positrons created by the p + protons meet the e- electrons and turn into energy. At this point the 10 ^ 79 particles that made up the universe should be energy (…) Entropy – the Second Law of Thermodynamics – is the relentless winner. The uniform Chaos. It was good while it lasted …

in 20 billion years

in 20 billion years

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In the theory conceived in 2003 by Robert Caldwell, the force of dark energy grows so dramatically that it soon disintegrates matter itself until the Big Rip in 20 billion years. The Theory does not find much credit in the scientific environment.

in 6.3 billion years

in 6.3 billion years

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The core of the Sun runs out of Helium. Gravity prevails and causes a new collapse of the core triggering violent and unstable mergers. A series of 4 convulsions occur, each separated by 100,000 years. The Sun reaches the frightening brightness of 5200 times the current one. They are the rales of our star’s agony. The external layers that have now been expelled to the outside of the internal planetary system are illuminated several times. The Sun starts to become a white dwarf gradually dispersing the remaining heat into space.

in 6.2 billion years

in 6.2 billion years

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The Sun’s core compresses and heats up to 100 million degrees. The heat expands into the outer layers turning it into a swollen red giant 250 times larger and 2700 times brighter than today. The Earth reaches the solar atmosphere and soon the friction makes it fall on the Sun literally “cremating it”. End of the planet Earth.

in 2.55 billion years

in 2.55 billion years

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Second encounter-impact between the Milky Way and Andromeda. At this point, the two galaxies are an ellipsoidal cluster of nearly 1,000 billion stars – an elliptical galaxy that TJ Cox and Abi Loeb of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics call Milkomeda.

in 2.10 billion years

in 2.10 billion years

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The central Black Hole of the Milky Way goes from a few million to a few billion solar masses thanks to a good feast of stars caused by the instability caused by the first impact with Andromeda. Eventually the object cyclically transforms itself into a very bright quasar for 10 million years, alternating periods of quiet of about 100 million years.

in 2 billion years

in 2 billion years

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In the merger of our Galaxy (Milky Way) and that of Andromeda, the Sun has a 12% chance of ending up in the tidal tail and being ejected into the abysses of intergalactic space, a 3% chance of being incorporated by Andromeda in the subsequent bounces until the merger. complete in Milkomeda, 40% of ending up in the galaxy’s core and 45% of being slung into the outer halo.

in 2 billion years

in 2 billion years

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First encounter-impact between the Milky Way and Andromeda. Gravity gives rise to rings and ripples in the distribution of the stars and expels a gigantic arc with more than a billion stars into the intergalactic vacuum.

in 1 billion years

in 1 billion years

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End of the drying up of the oceans: all the water that was on the surface is filtered in the subsoil and in the mantle which is no longer hot enough to re-emit it to the surface in the form of vapor. Even life in the oceans is extinguished (because there are no more oceans …)

in 500 million years

in 500 million years

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The atmospheric warming caused by the Sun accelerates the action of atmospheric agents, displacing the carbon dioxide CO2 from the atmosphere to the oceans. The CO2 concentration is lowered so much that photosynthesis becomes impossible and most plants become extinct on Earth.

BigBang + 13MLD years

BigBang + 13MLD years

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The universe, considered with discrete time and matter with a discrete quantum structure and discrete states, i.e. considered as a gigantic computer that processes information (qubits) has processed about 10 ^ 123 binary operations in the 4E17s available since the Big Bang, contains 10 ^ 72 joule of energy (the link between energy and clock time expressed by the Margolus-Levitin theorem t> = h / 4E) and 10 ^ 92 bits of ordinary matter (in any case no more than 10 ^ 123 bits of dark matter), memory considered as Entropy = Energy / Temperature = Temperature ^ 3 because when the entropy is maximum, that is, I have to code the position and speed of each particle to describe the state, I use all the “memory” available

in 2 million years

in 2 million years

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Comets launched towards the inner Solar System by the passage of the Scholz binary star, whiz around the Sun, threatening the Earth as well. Scholz’s binary star was discovered in 2013 AD and is composed of a red dwarf and a brown dwarf, both very weak in terms of luminosity and mass. The Scholz binary passed in 68000 BC to just 52000 AU (Astronomical Units = Earth-Sun distances) from the Sun (0.8 light years). They therefore certainly interacted with the outer layers of the Oort Cloud, a warehouse of dormant comets, launching a certain number (perhaps several million) towards the long journey (a couple of million years!) Towards the interior of the Solar System, while others they may have been captured and still others launched into interstellar space or even eventually into extra-galactic space.

in 1.5 million years

in 1.5 million years

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The red dwarf star Gliese 710 passes just 1 light year from the Sun, interfering with the Oort Cloud and launching a few million comets towards the inner Solar System and therefore also the Earth. At this point Gliese 710 blazes in the sky with the magnitude equivalent to a star in the Orion belt currently. The long journey to the inner solar system will last a couple of million years.

in 1 million years

in 1 million years

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850 light-years away, the (now) blue super-giant Rigel, in the constellation of Orion, explodes in a spectacular type II supernova that illuminates the night sky on Earth like 100 full moons concentrated in one spot. Before Rigel, the other very bright star of Orion, Betelgeuse (620 light years from us), may have already exploded in a type II supernova, but given its current instability it is difficult to establish how long it will take. it will happen (thousands of years or millions).

in 40,000 years

in 40,000 years

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Voyager 1 comes within 1.6 light years of the star AC + 79 38888 of Camelopardis and is captured by its gravity (it is currently in the direction of the constellation Ofphiuco, or the direction of the Solar Apex: its motion around the galactic center)

4800

4800

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Passage of the Flaugergues Comet, also mentioned by Tolstoy in “War and Peace”. It had passed in 1811. It should be over again in the year 4800.

3573

3573

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End of the current European-American era according to Rudolf Steiner. Anthroposophy has its own concept of history: according to Rudolf Steiner our present age falls in the post-Atlantic period, since in his vision the disaster that he claims to have struck Atlantis in 7227 BC is a significant turning point in the history of man. This post-Atlantic period is divided by Steiner into 7 epochs, the current one being the European-American Epoch.

2100

2100

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The pH of the oceans will drop to 7.8. It was 8.2 in 1800, at the beginning of the 21st century. it’s 8.1. A decline of only 0.1 points, being the logarithmic scale, means an acidity of 30% greater. In 2100 the oceans will be 150% more acidic than before the Industrial Revolution. This will cause the probable collapse of marine life and the extinction of most of the current living species. The Sixth Mass Extinction. Which will cause the extinction of 24% of living species (minimum 9%, maximum 32%) over the course of a century. The extinction rate could be even higher over several centuries, but it will not reach rates comparable with the other 5 mass extinctions (even reaching 96% of living species), but it will still be higher of other minor Mass Extinctions (such as that of 185MLN from years ago and 55MLN from years ago).

2100

2100

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The saturation state of the oceans with respect to aragonite (the most soluble form of calcium carbonate) drops to 3.0. It was 4.0 in the 1800s. The energy required for calcification increases, and the corals’ calcification process dramatically collapses as a result.

2069

2069

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The signal sent by Yvan Dutil and Stephane Dumas, financed by the Houston company Encounter 2001 Llc, with the Evpatoria radio telescope in Ukraine, reaches 4 solar-type stars

2060 – 2374

2060 – 2374

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Despite all his warnings and intentions to look only to the past, in the last years of his life, Isaac Newton does not resist the temptation to stretch his gaze until the moment of the Last Judgment with this weak justification: “I indicate this period of time not to want to affirm with certainty when the end of the world comes, but for the sole reason that there is little reason to expect it sooner. (…) “. But perhaps even his will be considered in the same way as a “rash conjecture”, since the date he foresees is approaching: between 2060 and 2374, depending on how prophecies are interpreted, such as the destruction of Jerusalem or the beginning of the supremacy of the Popes.

March 30, 2021

March 30, 2021

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Rome. Walter Biot, an officer in the Italian Navy, is arrested for espionage. He handled documents covered by secrecy preordained for state security. Biot dealt, among other things, with the projection of the Italian defense assets in foreign operational theaters and also with NATO, EU and UN operations. The officer, caught in the fragrance of crime, had sold 181 photos of classified material photographed to a Russian spy. The material includes 9 documents classified as highly confidential, of a military nature, and 47 NATO documents considered “secret”. There are 4 levels of top secret documents: confidential, highly confidential, secret, top secret. Italy expels two Russian diplomats.

5 – 8 March 2021

5 – 8 March 2021

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Pope Francis visits Iraq. This is the first papal visit to this country. In Baghdad he meets President Barham Salih. Then he flies to Najaf (where he meets the Shiite Ayatollah Al-Sistani), Mosul, Erbil (where he meets the president of the Iraqi Kuridtan Nechirvan Barzani), Nassiriya, Ur of the Chaldeans (city of Abraham, the father of the 3 monotheistic faiths) to a prayer with the representatives of other religions.

February 25, 2021

February 25, 2021

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Al-Qa’im, Syria. Two American F-15s hit 11 targets, buildings and trucks in Al-Qa’im in Syria, loaded with ammunition and explosives, on the Iraqi border, on the Euphrates, targets linked to the pro-Iranian militias. Ten days earlier in Erbil, in Iraqi Kurdistan, pro-Iranian militias had hit an American base with missiles, killing a civilian contractor and wounding some soldiers, including an American.

February 18, 2021

February 18, 2021

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NASA’s Perseverance mission makes its entry into the Martian atmosphere, the so-called 7 minutes of terror. Everything goes according to plan, and the big rover rests gently on the ground, with the Ingenuity drone helicopter aboard. A photo of the rover is also taken while, supported by cables, it is lowered to the surface, and finally a photo of the probe entering the atmosphere, with the parachute already extended, photo taken by the Mars Recoinassance Orbiter (MRO) probe in Martian orbit.

February 15, 2021

February 15, 2021

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Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan. Pro-Iranian militias hit a US base with missiles. A civilian contractor was killed and some soldiers, including an American, were injured. After an investigation carried out also with Iraqi support, ten days later the United States will respond by bombing 11 targets, buildings and trucks to Al-Qa’im in Syria, loaded with ammunition and explosives, on the Iraqi border, on the Euphrates, targets linked to the militias pro-Iranian.

February 5, 2021

February 5, 2021

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Israel, the first country in terms of progress in the mass vaccination campaign, reaches 2/3 of the population vaccinated with the first dose, and half of them with even the second dose. But what is more important is that we see a marked decline in Covid-19 cases, a clear reversal of the trend compared to previous weeks.

February 1, 2021

February 1, 2021

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Burma (Myanmar). The Burmese armed forces carry out a coup d’état and arrest Aung San Suu Kyi, whose party, the National League for Democracy, had just swept the legislative elections, against the Union of Solidarity and Development Party, close to the army. A few days later, China will veto a UN resolution condemning it.

January 20, 2021

January 20, 2021

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Joe Biden, takes office as the 46th president of the United States. In the following 2 days he signed 25 executive orders. Trump had signed 25 in 90 days, Obama in several months. George W Bush took even longer. Biden intends to carry out a U-turn of several previous policies, including in particular an aggressive response to Covid-19, the reopening of flights with the Arab countries stopped by Trump, the re-adhesion to the climate treaty, the stop of construction of the wall with Mexico.

January 17, 2021

January 17, 2021

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Moscow. Alexei Navalny, one of Putin’s main opponents, was arrested at the Sheremetyevo airport by riot police forces after his hospitalization in Berlin following his poisoning in Russia, and was immediately tried in a station. police.

January 13, 2021

January 13, 2021

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United States. The House calls for President Trump’s impeachement for inciting the assault on Congress the seventh earlier. This is the first time in the history of the United States that a president has been “impeached” twice in his presidential term.

January 7, 2021

January 7, 2021

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United States. In a dramatic session at 3 am, after having suspended the session for the entry of pro-Trump protesters, Congress, chaired by VP Pence, formalizes the victory of the elections by Joe Biden. The Democrats also win the two seats in Georgia, and thus reach parity in the Senate with the Republicans, but with the vote of the new VP Kamala Harris the dem have a majority of 1, a majority that they also have in the House.

January 6, 2021

January 6, 2021

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United States. In the hours in which on Capitol Hill takes place the ceremony of formalization of the vote count that ratifies the election of Democrat Joe Biden, and while the Democratic Party also wins the majority of the Senate by winning the two seats in Georgia, a crowd of people, responding to the encouragement of President Trump, he storms Capitol Hill, and manages to get inside. During the hours of chaos, up to the curfew imposed by the authorities for 6:00 pm, a woman shot by an armed guard inside Capitol Hill is killed, and 52 people are arrested. A policeman is also killed by the crowd and others are injured. In the following days, hundreds of arrests will be made of people who participated in the assault on Congress. It is also revealed that some of them intend to kidnap VP Pence and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi. Pence escapes capture for a few seconds, brought to safety by secret service men, while a policeman deflects the crowd upstairs. On this sad day, the United States shows the world the fragility of democracy, including the American one, which, since the time of Toqueville, was taken as an example in the West.

January 5, 2021

January 5, 2021

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The yes comes from the company meetings in Stellantis, the new giant in the automotive sector, born from the marriage between FCA and PSA. It is the fourth manufacturer in the world. The headquarters are in the Netherlands. The first shareholder is Exor (Agnelli family), followed by the Peugeot family. The president is John Elkann and the VP is Robert Peugeot. Includes 14 brands: Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Citroën, Dodge, DS, Fiat, Jeep, Lancia, Maserati, Opel, Peugeot, Ram and Vauxhall.

December 30, 2020

December 30, 2020

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The negotiators of the European Union and those of Beijing, after 7 years of close and complex negotiations, find the political agreement that allows foreign investments in production, including electric vehicles, telecommunications and private hospitals. The announcement is made by the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, and by the Chinese President Xi Jinping. It opens up the possibility for Europeans to go and do business in China, under the same conditions as the companies of the People’s Republic.

December 26, 2020

December 26, 2020

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European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announce the last-minute deal (actually after the deadline) for the trade terms of the end of the Brexit transitional period, which ends on 31 December 2020 .

21-dic-20

21-dic-20

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United States. The American Congress reaches an agreement for a mega package of 900 billion USD to help against the pandemic from Covid-19, for business, for unemployment. A following step of 1400 billion USD to finance the following 9 months of government remains under discussion.

19-dic-20

19-dic-20

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United States. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reveals a cyber attack by the Russian side, ongoing for months, against the digital infrastructure, managed by the company, SolarWinds, which manages the American military nuclear apparatus. It is presented as the worst case of cyberwarfare in US history. The targets were also others, including Great Britain.

12-dic-20

12-dic-20

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The American Food & Drugs Administration (FDA) approves the use of Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine. A few days earlier, Great Britain, Canada, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia had already approved it.

12-dic-20

12-dic-20

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Iran. The Iranian journalist Ruhollah Zam is hanged for posting on a social network a few years earlier posts inciting the anti-government protest.

10-dic-20

10-dic-20

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At the age of 64, Paolo Rossi, nicknamed “Pablito”, the main author of Italy’s world success at the 1982 World Cup in Spain, dies, against all odds.

10-dic-20

10-dic-20

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Boca Chica, southern tip of Texas. A prototype of Elon Musk’s Space X StarShip takes off, performs the attitude control operations at 12 km altitude, glides with a lifting body profile, tries to land in the correct point, but at the last moment two of the three engines shut down and the carrier crashes.

December 6, 2020

December 6, 2020

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Singapore is the first state in the world to approve the sale of lab-grown meat. Gives the green light to lab-grown chicken meat from America’s East Just, created without slaughtering any animals, but by growing animal muscle stem cells in the lab. According to theoretical studies, two months of in vitro meat production could produce 50,000 tons of meat, starting from 10 pork muscle cells. Eat Just meat will be sold as kibble, with the same price as the premium chicken.

1-dic-20

1-dic-20

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Ocean of Storms, Luna. The Chinese Chang’e 5 probe lands successfully, takes a sample of a couple of kg of lunar soil, restarts and automatically joins with the mother probe in orbit.