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BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 120) years

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 120) years

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The universe (if it were stable all this time – and we have no reason to believe it is – and infinite in the spatial dimension – and it could very well be) is old enough to have a 50% chance that the light of an object completely identical to our Universe. This is the consequence of an intuition already had by Friedrich Nietzsche: nothing is unique, everything has an unlimited number of copies, whatever has a probability of more than zero to happen must happen infinite times.

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 30) years

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 30) years

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The universe (if it were stable all this time – and we have no reason to believe it is – and infinite in the spatial dimension – and it could very well be) is old enough to have a 50% chance that the light of an object completely identical to our Earth. This is the consequence of an intuition already had by Friedrich Nietzsche: nothing is unique, everything has an unlimited number of copies, whatever has a probability of more than zero to happen must happen infinite times.

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 28) years

BigBang + 10 ^ (10 ^ 28) years

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The universe (if it were stable all this time – and we have no reason to believe it is – and infinite in the spatial dimension – and it could very well be) is old enough to have a 50% chance that the light of a living being very similar to us. This is the consequence of an intuition already had by Friedrich Nietzsche: nothing is unique, everyone has an unlimited number of copies, whatever has a probability greater than zero to happen must happen infinite times.

BB +> 0.533 * 10 ^ 14780 years

BB +> 0.533 * 10 ^ 14780 years

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o 4096 ^ 4096 ns: time taken by a 1GHz Turing machine (doing 1 instruction every 1ns) with 6 states, to write all the “1s” it can write, according to the Busy Beaver Problem. Busy Beaver problem: given a Turing machine that stops, how many “1’s” can it write before it stops? If the Turing machine in question has n states, this number is denoted S (n) and grows faster than any computable function f (n). If the Turing machine has 4 states, it writes 13 ones, if it has 5 states it writes at least 4098 ones (Buntrock-Marxen beaver, 1989), if it has 6 states it writes a huge number of ones, not yet calculated but certainly> 4096 ^ 4096 (MW Green theorem, 1964).

BigBang + 10 ^ 116 years

BigBang + 10 ^ 116 years

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The e + positrons created by the p + protons meet the e- electrons and turn into energy. At this point the 10 ^ 79 particles that made up the universe should be energy (…) Entropy – the Second Law of Thermodynamics – is the relentless winner. The uniform Chaos. It was good while it lasted …

in 20 billion years

in 20 billion years

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In the theory conceived in 2003 by Robert Caldwell, the force of dark energy grows so dramatically that it soon disintegrates matter itself until the Big Rip in 20 billion years. The Theory does not find much credit in the scientific environment.

in 6.3 billion years

in 6.3 billion years

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The core of the Sun runs out of Helium. Gravity prevails and causes a new collapse of the core, triggering violent and unstable mergers. A series of 4 convulsions occur, each separated by 100,000 years. The Sun reaches the frightening brightness of 5200 times the current one. They are the gasps of the agony of our star. The external layers that have now been expelled to the outside of the internal planetary system are illuminated several times. The Sun starts to become a white dwarf gradually dispersing the remaining heat into space.

in 6.2 billion years

in 6.2 billion years

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The Sun’s core compresses and heats up to 100 million degrees. The heat expands into the outer layers turning it into a swollen red giant 250 times larger and 2700 times brighter than today. The Earth reaches the solar atmosphere and soon the friction makes it fall on the Sun literally “cremating” it. End of the planet Earth.

in 5.1 billion years

in 5.1 billion years

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Second encounter-impact between the Milky Way and Andromeda. At this point, the two galaxies are an ellipsoidal cluster of nearly 1,000 billion stars – an elliptical galaxy that TJ Cox and Abi Loeb of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics call Milkomeda.

in 3.9 billion years

in 3.9 billion years

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The central Black Hole of the Milky Way goes from a few million to a few billion solar masses thanks to a good feast of stars caused by the instability caused by the first impact with Andromeda. Eventually the object cyclically transforms itself into a very bright quasar for 10 million years, alternating periods of quiet of about 100 million years.

in 3.8 billion years

in 3.8 billion years

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In the merger of our Galaxy (Milky Way) and that of Andromeda, the Sun has a 12% chance of ending up in the tidal tail and being ejected into the abysses of intergalactic space, a 3% chance of being incorporated by Andromeda in the subsequent bounces until the merger. complete in Milkomeda, 40% of ending up in the galaxy’s core and 45% of being slung into the outer halo.

in 3.8 billion years

in 3.8 billion years

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First encounter-impact between the Milky Way and Andromeda. Gravity gives rise to rings and ripples in the distribution of the stars and expels a gigantic arc with more than a billion stars into the intergalactic vacuum.

in 1MLD years

in 1MLD years

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End of the drying up of the oceans: all the water that was on the surface is filtered in the subsoil and in the mantle which is no longer hot enough to re-emit it to the surface in the form of steam. Even life in the oceans is extinguished (because there are no more oceans …)

in 500 million years

in 500 million years

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The atmospheric warming caused by the Sun accelerates the action of atmospheric agents, displacing the carbon dioxide CO2 from the atmosphere to the oceans. The CO2 concentration is lowered so much that photosynthesis becomes impossible and most plants become extinct on Earth.

in 2 million years

in 2 million years

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Comets launched towards the inner Solar System by the passage of the Scholz binary star, whiz around the Sun, threatening the Earth as well. Scholz’s binary star was discovered in 2013 AD and is composed of a red dwarf and a brown dwarf, both very weak in terms of luminosity and mass. The Scholz binary passed in 68000 BC to just 52000 AU (Astronomical Units = Earth-Sun distances) from the Sun (0.8 light years). They therefore certainly interacted with the outer layers of the Oort Cloud, a warehouse of dormant comets, launching a certain number (perhaps several million) towards the long journey (a couple of million years!) Towards the interior of the Solar System, while others they may have been captured and still others launched into interstellar space or even eventually into extra-galactic space.

in 1.5 million years

in 1.5 million years

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The red dwarf star Gliese 710 passes just 1 light year from the Sun, interfering with the Oort Cloud and launching a few million comets towards the inner Solar System and therefore also the Earth. At this point Gliese 710 blazes in the sky with the magnitude equivalent to a star in the Orion belt currently. The long journey to the inner solar system will last a couple of million years.

in 1 million years

in 1 million years

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850 light-years away, the (now) blue super-giant Rigel, in the constellation of Orion, explodes in a spectacular type II supernova that illuminates the night sky on Earth like 100 full moons concentrated in one spot. Before Rigel, the other very bright star of Orion, Betelgeuse (620 light years away from us), may have already exploded in a type II supernova, but given its current instability it is difficult to establish how soon it will happen (thousands of years or millions).

BigBang + 13MLD years

BigBang + 13MLD years

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(current age of the Universe) The universe, considered with discrete time and matter with a discrete quantum structure and discrete states, i.e. considered as a gigantic computer that processes information (qubits) has processed about 10 ^ 123 binary operations in the 4E17s available since the Big Bang, contains 10 ^ 72 joule of energy (the link between energy and clock time expressed by the Margolus-Levitin theorem t> = h / 4E) and 10 ^ 92 bits of ordinary matter (in any case no more than 10 ^ 123 bits of dark matter), memory considered as Entropy = Energy / Temperature = Temperature ^ 3 since when the entropy is maximum, that is, I have to code the position and speed of each particle to describe the state, I use all the “memory” available

in 40,000 years

in 40,000 years

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Voyager 1 comes within 1.6 light years of the star AC + 79 38888 of Camelopardis and is captured by its gravity (it is currently in the direction of the constellation Ofphiuco, or the direction of the Solar Apex: the direction in which the Sun is pointing in the its motion around the galactic center)

4800

4800

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Passage of the Flaugergues Comet, also mentioned by Tolstoy in “War and Peace”. It had passed in 1811. It should come back in the year 4800.

3573

3573

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End of the current European-American era according to Rudolf Steiner. Anthroposophy has its own concept of history: according to Rudolf Steiner our present age falls in the post-Atlantic period, since in his vision the disaster that he claims to have struck Atlantis in 7227 BC is a significant turning point in the history of man. This post-Atlantic period is divided by Steiner into 7 epochs, the current one being the European-American Epoch.

2100

2100

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The pH of the oceans will drop to 7.8. It was 8.2 in 1800, at the beginning of the 21st century. it’s 8.1. A decline of only 0.1 points, being the logarithmic scale, means an acidity of 30% greater. In 2100 the oceans will be 150% more acid than before the Industrial Revolution. This will cause the probable collapse of marine life and the extinction of most of the current living species. The Sixth Mass Extinction. Which will cause the extinction of 24% of living species (minimum 9%, maximum 32%) over the course of a century. The extinction rate could be even higher over several centuries, but it will not reach rates comparable with the other 5 mass extinctions (even reaching 96% of living species), but it will still be higher of other minor Mass Extinctions (such as that of 185MLN from years ago and 55MLN from years ago).

2100

2100

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The saturation state of the oceans with respect to aragonite (the most soluble form of calcium carbonate) drops to 3.0. It was 4.0 in 1800. The energy required for calcification increases, and the calcification process of corals dramatically collapses as a result.

2069

2069

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The signal sent by Yvan Dutil and Stephane Dumas, financed by the Houston company Encounter 2001 Llc, with the Evpatoria radio telescope in Ukraine, reaches 4 solar-type stars

2060 – 2374

2060 – 2374

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Despite all his warnings and intentions to look only to the past, in the last years of his life, Isaac Newton does not resist the temptation to stretch his gaze until the moment of the Last Judgment with this weak justification: “I indicate this period of time not to want to affirm with certainty when the end of the world comes, but for the sole reason that there is little reason to expect it sooner. (…) “. But perhaps even his will be considered in the same way as a “rash conjecture”, since the date he foresees is approaching: between 2060 and 2374, depending on how prophecies are interpreted, such as the destruction of Jerusalem or the beginning of the supremacy of the Popes.

July 1, 2047

July 1, 2047

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Exactly 50 years after Hong Kong passed from Great Britain to China with a special statute, which provides for “one nation – two systems”, Hong Kong is fully integrated into China.

December 25, 2021

December 25, 2021

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Early on Christmas morning, NASA’s groundbreaking new space observatory, the James Webb Space Telescope, successfully launched into space after taking off atop a European Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana. The launch marks the beginning of one of the most anticipated NASA missions in decades, a program, which began more than two decades earlier and cost $ 11BLN, which promises to transform the way we study the deepest depths of the Universe. Thus begins the long journey towards an orbit around the Lagrangian point L2 of the Earth-Sun-JSWT system.

December 14, 2021

December 14, 2021

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NASA reports that the American Parker probe has come to “touch” the Sun, or rather, it temporarily dives (at perihelion) inside (the upper part) of the solar atmosphere (ie the solar corona), it samples particles, and measures their magnetic field for the first time. In reality, the change took place a few months earlier but the processing of the data took some time. Parker on April 28, 2021, in its eighth flyby, reached less than 19 solar rays from the surface of our star. Parker also continues to break every speed record (now only its), and will reach 690000Km / h (0.064% c) in 2025 at 9.86 solar rays from the Sun.

2021

2021

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Demand for electronics skyrockets due to a “perfect storm”: as working and learning from home became the norm during COVID-19, the growing demand for electronic devices for consoles, PCs, smartphones, connectivity, and gone to the stars. The industry already had long production and delivery times (around 18 weeks) and building additional capacity takes 6 to 9 months and billions of dollars. To make matters worse, chip shipments themselves have been delayed due to reduced flight numbers and airway closure due to pandemics. Additionally, global shipments of COVID-19 related items occupy flight capability, and the global grounding of dozens of B777s due to engine failures has further put pressure on air cargo capacity. What’s more, the production of substrates, the basis on which the chip components are based, is limited in supply due to a fire in a factory in Taiwan. This “perfect storm” triggers a collapse in the availability of chips, which impacts first on the automotive sector, then on automatic machines, the consumer sector, etc. Finally, the business produced by silicon foundries globally as regards chips, it is in Taiwan for 63%, Korea for 18% and China for 6%, creating a dangerous bottleneck. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. (TSMC) alone has 50% of the chip market, and 90% of the latest generation micro-processors, and TSMC and Korea’s Samsung are the only ones able to produce the technology with 5nm (length of transistors channel).

November 24, 2021

November 24, 2021

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Physicists Giuseppe Mussardo and André LeClair publish an article in which, using physical rather than mathematical methods, they demonstrated (mathematically!) That “while a violation of the Riemann Hypothesis (RH) is strictly speaking not impossible, it is however extremely improbable. “; that is, it is technically possible that RH is false, but it is extremely unlikely. La Sissa – where Mussardo works – has published a press release entitled “The Riemann Conjecture revealed by physics”. The Riemann hypothesis or Riemann conjecture is a conjecture on the distribution of non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function ζ (s). Its importance derives from the consequences it has on the distribution of prime numbers. From the functional equation it follows that the Riemann zeta function ζ (s) has zeros, called trivial, in the even negative integers, s = −2, s = −4, s = −6, … The Riemann conjecture concerns instead the non-trivial zeros and states that “The real part of each non-trivial root is 1/2”. In other words, the non-trivial roots should all lie on the line described by the equation s = 1/2 + it (the so-called “critical line”) with t real number and i imaginary units. The Riemann Hypothesis, first formulated in 1859 by Bernhard Riemann, is considered the most important open problem in mathematics. It is part of Hilbert’s twenty-three problems and seven problems for the millennium, for the solution of each of which the Clay Institute of Mathematics has offered a prize of one million dollars.

November 24, 2021

November 24, 2021

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Vanderberg, California. Launch of the DART mission, with a Space X Falcon 9, to reach the asteroids Didymos and Dimorphos and hit one (the little Dimorphos) to study the technology to deflect the trajectory of NEO (Near Earth Objects) potentially dangerous for the Earth.

30 – 31 October 2021

30 – 31 October 2021

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G20 Summit in Rome, Italy. Prime Minister Mario Draghi welcomes US President Joe Biden (who also visited Pope Francis), who tells him «Mario, you are doing an extraordinary job. We need to show that democracies can work and that we can produce a new economic model. You are doing it! ». Agreements are made against climate change, and to remove the steel and aluminum tariffs imposed by the previous Trump administration.

October 27, 2021

October 27, 2021

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Guriel, Galmuduk region, Somalia. The Somali national army regains control of the city, which had been taken by the ASWJ militia, a former ally in the war against Shabaab and Al-Qaeda. The dead are about 120 according to ASWJ and 16 according to the government, while over 100 thousand refugees.

25 October 2021

25 October 2021

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Colombia announces that drug trafficker Dairo Antonio Usuga, better known as Otoniel, the most wanted in the country, will be extradited to the United States after being captured in a raid, a joint operation of the army, air force and police. He led the country’s largest criminal gang and was on the US Drug Enforcement Agency’s wanted list for years. US officials had put a $ 5 million bounty on his head. They accused him of having imported at least 73 tons of cocaine into the country between 2003 and 2014.

16 October 2021

16 October 2021

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Cape Canaveral, Florida. Launch with an Atlas V 401 of the Lucy mission, of NASA, the first towards the Trojan asteroids, in the Lagrangian points L4 and L5 of the orbit of Jupiter.

13 October 2021

13 October 2021

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William Shatner (Captain Kirk in Star Trek), 90, is launched into space as an astro-tourist, along with Blue Origin’s VP of Flight Operations Audrey Powers and entrepreneurs Chris Boshuizen and Glen de Vries. Blue Origin’s New Shpeard capsule by Jeff Bezos describes a short parabola crossing, at the highest point, the Karman line at a height of 100 km considered, ideally, the threshold of space, and remaining in space for a little more than 4 minutes. For Blue Origin it is the second flight with a real crew after that of 20 July 2021, in which Jeff Bezos himself took part together with his brother Mark, 82-year-old Wally Funk and 18-year-old Oliver Daemen.

10 October 2021

10 October 2021

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The man considered the “father of the nuclear bomb of Pakistan”, Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, died at the age of 85 after being hospitalized with Covid-19. Dr. Khan has been hailed as a national hero for turning his country into the world’s first Islamic nuclear power. But he was also known for smuggling nuclear secrets to states including North Korea and Iran.

6 October 2021

6 October 2021

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The Italian physicist Giorgio Parisi (INFN, La Sapienza University of Rome, vice president of the Accademia dei Lincei) takes the Nobel Prize in Physics for his studies on Complex Systems. He shares the Nobel Prize in Physics in half with Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann. The two researchers were recognized for their research on climate models and global warming. So far, 20 Nobel Prizes have been awarded to Italians since the award’s origins (12 scientific ones, of which 5 for Physics, 6 for Medicine and 1 for Chemistry). The last Nobel Prize to a researcher born in Italy is that of 2007 to Mario Capecchi, active in the USA, but to go back to an Italian researcher who carried out most of the work in Italy we must go back to 59 years ago, to the Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded in 1963 to Giulio Natta. Returning to the Nobel Prize in Parisi: as soon as the degree of complexity of structures and systems increases, and when these are composed of many interacting elements such as to determine collective behaviors on a large scale, we are faced with new situations, in knowledge of the properties of the individual elements (particles, atoms, molecules, etc.) is no longer sufficient to describe the overall system as a whole. The point is that in such systems the interactions between the elements are such as to determine complex structures that are not directly derivable from the properties of the single isolated elements. For this reason the behavior of the whole is fundamentally different from any of its elementary sub-parts. It is precisely in this context that the work of Giorgio Parisi fits, who also made important contributions in the field of elementary particles, quantum chromium dynamics, and who received the Nobel Prize for “innovative contributions to our understanding of physical systems complexes “. Neural networks in neuroscience, the collective behavior of flocks of birds, the folding of proteins, are examples of complex systems to which Parisi has made a decisive contribution. Parisi’s work is part of a fervent activity developed since the seventies in various academies around the world, among which Italy has played a central role. The Nobel Prize in Parisi is part of a long tradition of excellence in Italian Physics, and which sees among its most illustrious representatives Enrico Fermi, Nobel Prize for Physics in 1938.

September 17, 2021

September 17, 2021

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Historic security pact between the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. The deal will see the US and UK give Australia the technology to build nuclear-powered submarines for the first time. It is widely seen as an effort to counter China’s influence in the disputed South China Sea. The region has been a tipping point for years and tensions remain high. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said the alliance risks “seriously damaging regional peace … and intensifying the arms race”. The deal also provokes resentment from the French side, with which there was a previous deal on the Australian side. The Australia – UK – USA agreement becomes known as Aukus.

September 16, 2021

September 16, 2021

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The leader of the Islamic State group in the Sahara is killed by French troops. Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahrawi formed the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) in 2015. The group is accused of many attacks in the region, including the targeted killing of French aid workers in 2020.

September 15, 2021

September 15, 2021

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Cape Canaveral, Florida. A billionaire e-commerce executive and three much less wealthy private citizens chosen to join him, were slinged from Space-X at a height of 585km (far higher than the ISS and in fact it is the farthest distance that a human being has ever reached since the end of NASA’s Apollo lunar program in 1972 – for example, no Soviet cosmonaut has ever reached such a high orbit). The first stage of the rocket, having separated from the upper half of the spacecraft, returned to Earth and landed on “Just read the instructions” (great Iain M. Banks). “The door is open now, and it’s pretty amazing.” The carrier is a Falcon-9, the shuttle the Crew Dragon, the passengers are Jared Isaacman, 38, Sian Proctor, 51, Hayley Arceneaux, 29, and Chris Sembroski, 42. The mission lasts 3 days.

August 26, 2021

August 26, 2021

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Kabul, Afghanistan. The airport, in agreement between the Americans and the Taliban, is still under NATO control, to allow for evacuation. 80,000 Afghans have already been evacuated in the gigantic airlift organized by the NATO military forces. In the crowd that throngs to access the airport, in front of the main entrance, where the American soldiers are, suddenly two bombs explode, later claimed by ISIS-K, an enemy of the Taliban. At least 90 have died, including 12 Marines and an American doctor. 150 the wounded. The double terrorist attack takes place after several warnings of the high risk by the secret services in this sense in the previous two days.

August 8, 2021

August 8, 2021

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Afghanistan. The Taliban also conquer Kunduz, in their rapid advance after the withdrawal of the allied troops. A few days earlier they had also conquered Sar-e-Pul and Taloqan.

August 8, 2021

August 8, 2021

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The Tokyo Olympics are over. The United States overtook China in the medal table at the last moment and finished with 39 golds, 41 silvers, 33 bronzes (113 medals), China with 38 golds, 32 silvers, 18 bronzes (88 medals), Japan with 27 golds, 14 silvers, 17 bronzes (58 medals), Italy 10 golds, 10 silvers, 20 bronzes (40 medals).

1 August 2021

1 August 2021

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Tokyo Olympics. Unexpected gold in the men’s 100 meters (Lamont Marcell Jacobs) and in the men’s high jump (Gianmarco Tamberi) for Italy. They come within ten minutes of each other. After a few days the Italian 4×100 relay will win gold, still ahead of the English, second.

July 20, 2021

July 20, 2021

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Van Horn, Texas. Jeff Bezos (of Amazon and Blue Origin) and his brother Mark, along with Wally Funk (formerly Mercury 13 unofficial candidate for space travel in the 1960s) and Dutchman Oliver Daemen, reach space for 4 minutes, in a flight suborbital with the reusable New Shepard vector, with vertical take-off and landing. This is the first completely private flight for tourism purposes.

11 July 2021

11 July 2021

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New Mexico, USA. Virgin’s Richard Branson makes his first flight into space, a suborbital flight at 82 km altitude, on the horizontal take-off vehicle called Unity. The occupants of the aircraft are a total of 6.

July 4, 2021

July 4, 2021

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Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan. The Americans leave the base overnight, a little earlier than the published plans. Thus ends a military intervention that lasted 20 years, which began immediately after the events of 11 September 2001, after the proven involvement of the Taliban in providing cover to Al-Qaeda, which had organized the attacks. In two decades of conflict, the allied coalition has had 3562 deaths, of which 2420 Americans, 456 British, 159 Canadians, 89 French, 57 Germans, 53 Italians, etc .; 3937 contractors also died. The Taliban killed more than 51,000, and Al-Qaeda more than 2,000. Finally, the Islamic state (ISIL-ISIS) also had more than 2400 deaths in the conflict.

May 30, 2021

May 30, 2021

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Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada. The remains of 215 children buried in a mass grave are found next to a school for Native Americans. The school ran until 1978 when it was closed. Episodes of child maltreatment were already known.

May 29, 2021

May 29, 2021

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Germany officially recognizes its responsibility in the genocide of the people of Namibia, during the German occupation at the beginning of the 20th century. (1884-1915). Germany undertakes to indemnify Namibia with EUR 1.1BLN

May 27, 2021

May 27, 2021

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France, in the person of President Macron, recognizes its responsibility and asks forgiveness, for the role of support by Mitterand for the Hutu government of Rwanda in 1994, which caused the genocide of 800,000 people, mostly Tutsi (but also Hutu) in the space of 100 days, with machete blows.

May 25, 2021

May 25, 2021

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Brazil. In a joint operation of the carabinieri, the DEA, the American FBI, and the Brazilian federal police, Rocco Marabito and Vincenzo Pasquino are captured. Marabito, a prominent figure of the ‘ndangheta, was wanted since 1994, as number 2 of the fugitives after Matteo Messina Denaro (Sicilian mafia)

May 23, 2021

May 23, 2021

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Minsk, Belarus. A civilian plane of Ryan Air, carrying the Belarusian political dissident Roman Protasevich is informed of the false news of a bomb on board by the Belarusian authorities, then is joined by a Mig-29 and forced to land in Minsk. Here KGB officers board the plane who take over and then arrest Roman Protasevich (24) and his Russian girlfriend (21).

May 15, 2021

May 15, 2021

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The Chinese Tianwen-1 mission manages to land the Zhurong rover on Mars. China thus becomes the second nation in the world, after the United States (first with the Viking 1 and 2 in 1976), to be able to make a controlled landing on the red planet, while maintaining the full functionality of the mission.

10 – 21 May 2021

10 – 21 May 2021

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Israel. Triggered by a local issue in Jerusalem, and by the subsequent ultimatum to Israel launched by Hamas, an intense conflict erupts between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip, mainly with rockets, drones and aerial bombardments: a total of 4360 rockets fired by Hamas towards Israel, of which 680 accidentally fall into Gaza and 280 into the sea, and 60 to 70 are not intercepted by the Israeli Iron Dome missile shield, and fall on Israel. There are 12 Israeli civilian deaths, and one soldier. Those Palestinians, both civilians and militants, are 248, and over 1600 are wounded. 1042 buildings were destroyed in Gaza, along with 100km of Hamas tunnel systems.