The monks of the Towers of Hanoi of the Benares Temple finish composing the Tower of Bramah (if they were quick enough to move one disc per second on average) and the Universe according to the Hindus ends
End of the current European-American era according to Rudolf Steiner. Anthroposophy has its own concept of history: according to Rudolf Steiner our present age falls in the post-Atlantic period, since in his vision the disaster that he claims to have struck Atlantis in 7227 BC is
End of the current cycle of the Julian calendar (julian date) introduced by Scaligero; in our calendar in reality the date will not coincide due to the changes introduced in it
Despite all his warnings and intentions to look only to the past, in the last years of his life, Isaac Newton does not resist the temptation to stretch his gaze until the moment of the Last Judgment with this weak justification: “I indicate this period
Online publication of this history on cronologia-universale.it (previously distributed with excel files via email from 1997 to 2019).
End of the first Great Mayan Cycle. In practice, the 13th baktun ends, according to some Mayan writings it is an “important” period. Baktun is a 144,000-day cycle (a little over 394 years). The first baktun began on 11 August 3114 BC. The Mayan calendar is base 20: 7200
The Easy Earnings Finance collapses, the Large Hadron Collider is turned on …
War on Terror: Afghanistan, Iraq
The single European currency is born: the Euro, but political union is far away
Europe is in decline, the NASDAQ falls, the world enters a new world conflict (the fourth, the fifth?)
The Human Genome is mapped
The machine wins over the man (chess)
After the Ottoman Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Third Reich, the last of the twentieth century empires also collapsed: the Soviet Union.
End of the world according to Pico della Mirandola in his “900 Theses”; in 1486 he wrote: “If man is allowed to conjecture about the last times, we can find, through the most secret ways of the cabal, that the consummation of the centuries will take
End of the Cold War
Fourth Industrial Revolution. Internet. Of people and things
Planetary exploration of the Solar System begins.
Man on the Moon!
The Cuban Missile Crisis: The World on the Brink
Peace in (Western) Europe at last: the European Union is born.
It is reborn and with us a new kind of life form is born: the computer
War serves as a forge for countless technological inventions. The new world order is looming: USA – USSR
Third Industrial Revolution. Electronics and nuclear energy.
In China, the traditional calendar is formally abolished
Science seemed over but then Enrico Fermi lights up the atomic pile in Chicago. The world plunges into the greatest conflict ever: the Second World War
Humanity is Shocked: The Great War
Einstein upsets our thinking (relatively of course) and as if this were not enough, Quantum Physics was born
Planck’s constant is not 0 !!!
Now we communicate remotely: Marconi. The foundations are laid for an unstoppable phenomenon: globalization: Coca Cola, Kodak, IBM, General Electric
Maxwell’s laws (the best understood interactions of physics and the only ones that have been expressed in a closed and self-compatible mathematical form) and the Second Law of Thermodynamics (the only law of physics valid always, however, everywhere in the Universe) the foundations of Modern
New vision of the ego, man is free! Abolition of slavery. And also London Stock Exchange, Industrial Revolution, Railways, Waterloo, Highest Expansion British Empire, South Africa, East India Company, Egypt
Second Industrial Revolution. The internal combustion engine and the electric motor.
The British Empire abandons the Julian calendar in favor of the Gregorian one. The operation blows the calendar, in fact, from 2 to 14 September directly.
Man acquires self-awareness and is the Declaration of Human Rights in the United States and the French Revolution: … and then Napoleon, the 7-year war won by the UK, the first railways in the UK, the steam engine of Watt, American Independence, Declaration of Human
First Industrial Revolution. The steam engines.
It is a short step from Galileo to Newton! And the world thanks: Cromwell, Newton, Halley, Francis Drake, Regina Elizabeth; British Empire is born: colonization of North America, Indies, Australia
Josephus Justus Scaliger invents the Julian calendar (julian day) still used in astronomy and calls it “Giuliano” from the name of his father: Julius Scaliger; it is a 7980-year cycle with no leap years or days added or subtracted; starts at 12AM on January 1, 4713 BC
Period of time canceled by Pope Gregory XIII to realign the Catholic calendar to the celestial one
The bull “Inter gravissimas” of the Gregorian calendar enters into force
Pope Leo X asks Paul of Fossombrone to contact Copernicus to ask him for an opinion on the reform of the ecclesiastical calendar; the latter takes care to provide as complete an answer as possible and writes to the following pope (Pope Paul III, the same
But someone sees clearly! Galileo gives the turning point to humanity: Colonization of the Americas, Defeat of the Incas (Pizarro) and Aztecs (Cortes) and Maya, Magellan, Annexation of Portugal, Destroyed Invincible Spanish Armada
Beginning of the current European-American era according to Rudolf Steiner. Anthroposophy has its own concept of history: according to Rudolf Steiner our present age falls in the post-Atlantic period, since in his vision the disaster that he claims to have struck Atlantis in 7227 BC is
Hermann the Cripple suspects a difference between the church calendar and the celestial one
Slowly order is restored, the world is reborn: Templars, Apex influence of the Catholic Church, St. Francis, Taking of Jerusalem, Saladin, Genghis Khan, Maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire: from Hungary to Java, Marco Polo, Silk Road, Dynasty Ming defeats the Mongols, Plague in Europe,
Dionysius the Small calculates Christ’s birth date as December 25th of 531 years earlier (before the calendar referred to 284 AD: I year of Diocletian reign)
Chaos floods the world: Berbers, Burgundians, Franks, Alemanni, Goths, Saxons, Vandals, Huns (Attila), Ostrogoths, Visigoths, etc. Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Odoacer king of Italy, Mohammed, Caliphates, Muslims invade North Africa-Turkey-Spain, Charlemagne, Carolingians, Lombards defeat, Muslims in Southern Italy, Coffee in Arabia, Ottone of Germany,
The Roman Emperor Constantine introduces the seven-day week with Sunday as the first day; each day was dedicated to a planet (it was believed there were seven and that the Sun and the Moon were planets)
New reference of the Roman calendar: I year of the Era of Diocletian or of the Martyrs (before the calendar referred to 753 BC: foundation of Rome) still in use by the Copts of Upper Egypt
(the year 0 AD or 0 BC do not exist)
Rome falls, end of a glorious era: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, Commodus, Diocletian divides the Roman Empire, Edict of Thessalonica: Christianity official religion Roman Empire
annus confusionis: 445 days. Cesare moves the New Year from the vernal equinox to January 1, introduces leap years and 12 months of 30 – 31 alternating days (with February of 29 – 30)
The Julian calendar is born
The beginning of the Roman year is brought forward from March 1st to January 1st
Babylon: the seven-day week was born by uniting the planets of the Solar System as it was then known with a 7-point star: Moon (lune-di ‘or mon-day), Mercury (mercole-di’), Venus (vener -di ‘), Sun (sun-day), Mars (mars-di’), Jupiter (jupiter-di ‘), Saturn (satur-day) and Earth in
King Numa (Roman) adds Januarius and Februarius to the calendar and becomes 12 months (354 days)
New reference of the Roman calendar: foundation of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita)
Buddhism, Greeks, Romans: Early Persian Empire (Medes and then Persians, maximum territorial expansion in the 5th century BC), Buddha (India) and Confucius (China), Statue of Zeus, rejected Persian invasion, Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens , Anaximander, Empedocles, Pythagoras, Zeno, Aristotle, Aristarchus, Alexander the Great,
Roman calendar of Romulus: 10 lunar months: 304 days The months of Martis, Aprilis, Maius, Junius are born. New reference of the Roman calendar: foundation of Rome
Shang Dynasty in China: first proven use of the lunisolar calendar (12 or 13 months of 29 or 30 days); the days are independently counted sexagesimal, according to a tradition of the third millennium BC in 10 tiangan (celestial trunks), 12 dizhi (branches terrestrial), 60
Stonehenge: solstice forecast
Start current Great Maya Cycle (13 batkun * 20katuns (144000 days) * 20tuns (7200 days) * 18minals (360 days) * 20kins (20 days))
Beginning of the Hebrew calendar (New Year is the first new moon in September as it is a lunar calendar)
The Egyptians already use a 365-day solar calendar. (12×30 + 5 added by Toth)
The Julian calendar, invented by Scaligero in 1583 AD, begins at 12 noon on January 1st and is still used in astronomy for convenience; on this date the 28-year cycle of the solar calendar begins (after 28 years the calendar repeats), the Lunar Metonic cycle (19
Druids, Egyptians, Babylonians, Hittites, Cretans, Jews, Phoenicians, Assyrians, Persians, …: Stonehenge: prediction of solstices, The Middle Kingdom, Code of Laws of Hammurabi in Babylon in Mesopotamia, A Hittite state established in Anatolia, The New Kingdom, Cretan splendor and defeat: the Mycenaeans replace the Cretans on
Anthroposophy has its own concept of history: according to Rudolf Steiner our present age falls in the post-Atlantic period, since in his vision the disaster that he claims to have struck Atlantis in 7227 BC is a significant turning point in the history of ‘man. This
With agriculture, livestock and fire, humanity changes gears and allows the emergence of villages, surpluses, technologies, complex organizations, commerce, nation-states.
Collective learning is another impetus to the decline in local entropy, at the expense of a huge increase in the total of course.
Multicellular life on Earth. Many experiments and then the dinosaurs dominate the planet for a long time. Then the mammals (a sort of rethinking of nature after the dinosaurs) and finally man (a freak of nature?)
Single-celled life on Earth.
The Earth is formed, but it is still an uninhabitable place.
Complex elements and molecules are formed. And with these and these the planets.
Stars and galaxies are formed.
The Big Bang forms everything and charges the spring of Entropy